Learning Disorder Management Essay.
Learning disabilities and conditions that cause a discrepancy between potential and actual levels of academic performances as predicted by the person’s Intellectual abilities. Learning disabilities involves impairments and difficulties in concentration or attention, language development, or visual and aural information processing. In addition, a learning disability Is a life-long condition and can significantly Impact relationships, daily activities, and eventually work and careers. A. Briefly discuss the causes off learning disability? Arks) b. What are the early signs and symptoms displayed by Individuals affected with Autism, ADD, Dysphasia and Dyslexia? (20 marks) c. Treatment approaches and non-traditional therapies identified for Autism Spectrum Disorder are debated by researches in literature and parents and professional on regular basis. Many exist that promise cures or at the very least dramatic improvement. While some of these therapies are effective for some, there is no one approach that Is effective for all people with autism spectrum disorder.Learning Disorder Management Essay.
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Describe one therapy that would help an individual with autism spectrum disorder cope with his/her disability. (20 marks) a. Briefly discuss the causes of a learning dillydally? . Learning can be explained as a process of acquiring Information, facts, skills, and methods that can be retained and used as necessary. The ability to learn requires the function of neurological processing (the brain). Learning disability Is a specific kind of learning problem that causes a person to have trouble learning and using certain skills.Learning Disorder Management Essay.
Learning disability can be categorized in deferent specification of affected skills such as ADD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder), Dyslexia, Dysphasia, Discalced, Dysphasia and others. One person with learning disabilities ay not have the same kind of learning problems as another person with learning disabilities. One person may have trouble with reading and writing (Dyslexia). Math (Discalced). Still another person may have trouble in each of these areas, as well as with understanding what people are saying.
Researchers think that learning disabilities are caused by differences in how a person’s brain works and how it processes information. Children with learning disabilities are not “stupid” or “lazy. ” In fact, they usually have average or above average intelligence. Their brains Just process information differently. However these disabilities are a lifelong disability that cannot be cured. The exact cause of learning disability is still unknown.Learning Disorder Management Essay.
However as our knowledge on learning disabilities gets deeper and technology advancement in brain imaging improves rapidly, it has shown that learning disability is a neurological condition. Learning disabilities can run in families. Studies also suggest that a child’s developmental environment may also be reasons for a person to have learning disabilities. As researchers go deeper into their research especially under biological factors, they have categorized causes of learning disability under four general disagrees I. E. Brain injury, errors in brain development, neuron-chemical imbalances, and heredity. Brain injuries that have been shown to produce learning disabilities are brain hemorrhages, brain tumors, encephalitis, meningitis, untreated glandular disorders in infancy and infant hypoglycemia. ; Other health factors such as malnutrition and exposure to toxic chemicals have been indicated. Radiation and chemotherapy treatments can cause learning disabilities as well as anything that deprives the brain of oxygen such as choking, suffocation, drowning, smoke inhalation, carbon monoxide poisoning, and some birth complications. Still more factors that could cause learning disabilities that would result from the condition of the mother during pregnancy might be diabetes, kidney disease, measles, smoking, drug or alcohol use. Premature brains are more vulnerable to injury. Sometimes the injury is immediately evident but sometimes the effects are more subtle and delayed. -2- Finally, a number of research studies have found that children with learning disabilities and attention deficit disorder evidence at least one of several types of damage to the brain structure.
The damage usually manifest in one of the following says: Fewer numbers of brain cells in important areas of the brain ; Smaller size of brain cells ; Brain cells that moved into the wrong part of the brain (dysphasia) ;Lower than normal blood flow to specific areas of the brain ; Brain cells that metabolize glucose (the brain’s primary fuel) at lower than normal levels. B. What are the early signs and symptoms displayed by individuals affected with b.
The early signs and symptoms displayed by individuals affected with Autism, ADD, Dysphasia and Dyslexia are : Autism Does not babble, point, or make meaningful gestures by 1 year of age ; Does not peak one word by 16 months, does not combine two words by 2 years ; Does not respond to name, Loses language or social skills ; Poor eye contact ; Doesn’t seem to know how to play with toys or excessively lines up toys or other objects, is attached to one particular toy or object ; Doesn’t smile or interact joyfully, lack of sharing interest or enjoyment with others ; At times seems to be hearing impaired Lack of showing, gestures: pointing, reaching, waving, showing ; Repetitive movements with objects, repetitive movements or posturing of the body ; Lack of appropriate eye gaze, response to name (something parents report very frequently) -4- ADD The capacity for concentration is short and difficult to sustain. They are easily distracted. ; They do not listen when they are spoken to or does not appear to listen when spoken to directly. ; They frequently lose things.Learning Disorder Management Essay.
They lose things necessary for tasks or activities. ; They have difficulties following instructions and finishing tasks. They direct poor attention to details and make careless mistakes in their work or other activities. ; They are unable to sit without fidgeting. They fidget with hands or feet or squirms in seat. They get in trouble in school for not sitting at their place, running and climbing excessively or inappropriately. They have difficulty organizing tasks and activities. They also avoid or dislike tasks that require sustained mental effort. ; They talk excessively. They Just go on and on about a subject and can take over a conversation. They interrupt constantly or intrude on others and ‘act silly’ in a group to get attention but not fit in. ; Damage other children’s toys etc, without meaning to. They have difficulty in playing quietly or play roughly in the playground and hurt other children. They have poor motor skills (egg can’t catch or throw a ball). ; Blurts out answers before the question is complete. They cannot wait for their turn ; They speak without thinking, so they will be socially clumsy. They have volatile moods, so other children won’t know what to expect from them. They have a short fuse and lash out when frustrated. -5- Dysphasia Feeding difficulties: milk allergies, colic, restricted diet and Continued problems with development of feeding skills. Sleeping difficulties: problems establishing routine, requires constant adult reassurance ; Delayed early motor development: tinting unaided, rolling from side to side: do not usually go through the crawling stage. ; Constantly moving arms and legs; Repetitive behaviors: head banging or rolling, feet swinging and tapping when seated. ; Hands clapping or twisting, associated mirror movements, hands flap when running or Jumping. ; Sensitive to high levels of noise Poor Fine Motor Skills – pencil grip, use of scissors, immature drawings ; Delayed language development: single words not evident until age 3 ; Highly emotional: easily distressed, frequent outbursts of uncontrolled behavior ; Concentration limited to 2 or 3 minutes on any task. Unable to stay in one place longer than 5 minutes, tasks often left unfinished. Voice loud and shrill and constantly bumping into objects and falling ; Difficulty Peddling Tricycle or Similar Toy, poor ground awareness and no sense of danger, Jump from inappropriate heights. ; Lack of Imaginative Play, prefers adult company. Dislike being touched. -6- Dyslexia Oral reading is choppy, not fluent and smooth. Reads words in the wrong order. Recognizes a word on one page but not on the next page. ;Skips small words such as a, the, to, of, were, and from. ; Inserts extra letters in a word when reading or spelling. For example, may read tail as trail or Deletes letters in a word when reading. For example, may read sag instead of sang. The misread word often has the same beginning and ending letter. ; Switches the order of letters in a word.Learning Disorder Management Essay.
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